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Discussions 1 and 2 a.Both Discussions have the same criteria: This week you will have two discussions. Your Instructor will be choosing the discussions questions and posting them as the first posts in the discussion forums. The requirements for the discussion this week are a minimum of four posts on four separate days. The total combined word count for all of your posts, counted together, should be over 600 words. Be sure to answer all the questions in the prompt and to read any resources that are required to complete the discussion properly. In order to satisfy the posting requirements for the week, please complete your initial post by Day 3 (Thursday) and your other posts by Day 7 (Monday). We recommend that you get into the discussion early and spread out your posts over the course of the week. Be sure to reply to your classmates and instructor. Try to attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. Week 2.1 Discussion Week 2.2 Discussion Early in the text Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill (2014) says that that utilitarianism is based on a ‘theory of life’ that some have called ‘a doctrine worthy only of swine.’ Answer the following questions in your first initial post: 1. What is this ‘theory of life,’ and how does he draw upon it to defend the utilitarian theory of morality? 2. What do critics mean when they call this a ‘doctrine worthy only of swine,’ and how does Mill respond to that criticism? 3. Do you think that his response vindicates this ‘theory of life’, or is he mistaken about what has ultimate value in human life? 4. Does his view make utilitarianism more plausible or less plausible as a moral theory? Your posts should demonstrate that you have read and thought critically about Mill’s text. Attached is the Guidance sections for this week as well as some philosophical videos on Mill and utilitarianism. These videos are not required viewing; they are simply there if you want to watch them for additional material. Part I: If the primary goal of utilitarianism is (a) to generate the greatest good for the greatest number, and a secondary goal is (b) to minimize suffering. Using at least one quote from one of the required readings, discuss the ways in which these two principles are consistent or inconsistent with each other. In other words: 1. If you think they, meaning (a) and (b), are consistent, provide a real or imagined example that illustrates this consistency. or, 2. If you think they, meaning (a) and (b), are inconsistent (incompatible), provide a real or imagined example that illustrates this inconsistency. Part II: Complete your post by discussing whether minimizing suffering is equal to, lesser than, or more important that generating the greatest good for the greatest number.