Read the excerpt from “Elizabeth Blackwell.” The next day Elizabeth visited an old family friend who had been practicing medicine for many years. When she told him of her intentions, Dr. Melton’s eyebrows nearly took leave of his head, but he quickly settled himself and said, “Well, that is a brilliant idea, Miss Blackwell, but clearly it is an impossible one.”“But if it is truly a brilliant idea, then it must be possible,” Elizabeth countered.Dr. Melton shrugged and said, “Perhaps it will be possible someday.” Then he added, “But while you’re waiting for someday, you may borrow from my library if you wish.”Which line from the excerpt provides an implied detail about the restrictions women faced during Elizabeth’s time?“Well, that is a brilliant idea, Miss Blackwell, but clearly it is an impossible one.”“. . . you may borrow from my library if you wish.”. . . Elizabeth visited an old family friend who had been practicing medicine . . .When she told him of her intentions, Dr. Melton’s eyebrows nearly took leave of his head . . .Read the excerpt from The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind by William Kamkwamba.The wind would spin the blades of the windmill, rotate the magnets in a dynamo, and create electricity. Attach a wire to the dynamo and you could power anything, especially a bulb. All I needed was a windmill, and then I could have lights. No more kerosene lamps that burned our eyes and sent us gasping for breath. With a windmill, I could stay awake at night reading instead of going to bed at seven with the rest of Malawi.Which line from the excerpt shows an implied detail that provides context about Malawi and how the windmill would benefit its people?Attach a wire to the dynamo and you could power anything, especially a bulb.No more kerosene lamps that burned our eyes and sent us gasping for breath.All I needed was a windmill, and then I could have lights.The wind would spin the blades of the windmill, rotate the magnets in a dynamo, and create electricity.Read this excerpt from “The Myth of Hercules.”Hercules was the son of the great god Zeus and a human woman named Alcmene. The goddess Hera did not like Alcmene and vowed to destroy Hercules when he was born. Hera sent two snakes to kill the baby as he lay in his crib, but Hercules was strong and strangled the snakes with his tiny hands before they could bite him with their sharp fangs.The excerpt shows evidence that it is from a Greek myth becauseall the characters are gods.the main characters are humans.the gods interact with humans.there are animals in the story. Read the excerpt from Heart of a Samurai.They found themselves seated on benches before a table, with their legs swinging under them.“You see,” Goemon whispered to Manjiro, “the torture has begun.”It wasn’t torture, exactly, but it wasn’t very comfortable, either.“Look at your legs hanging there,” Goemon said.“It is a strange way to sit!” Manjiro agreed.“If you were a real samurai, you would commit seppuku now, rather than wait to be humiliated by the barbarians,” Goemon said.“Maybe they won’t humiliate us,” Manjiro said hopefully.At this, Goemon simply grunted.What does the dialogue teach readers about Manjiro’s attitude toward the barbarians?He believes they will be as cruel as expected.He believes they may be kinder than expected.He believes they are completely harmless.He believes they have started torturing him.read this summary of a myth.An evil warrior wants to take over a village, and he has a plan to make the villagers abandon their homes so that his army can take it without a struggle. He passes through the village disguised as a wealthy traveler, and he tells the villagers that he has found gold in the mountains a few miles away. He persuades them all to go to the mountains to look for gold. When all the villagers leave, the evil warrior brings his army to the village and they occupy all the homes – except for one.One girl suspects that the wealthy traveler is lying to the villagers. She decides not to leave her home to look for gold, because she does not believe there is any gold, and even if there is, protecting her home is more important to her. She also convinces her mother and brother to stay with her. When the invaders come to take over the village, the girl, who has beyond-human strength, sends her brother to warn the other villagers and to bring help while she and her mother defend their home. The girl’s brother returns with an army that defeats the evil warrior’s army and takes back the village.Based on the details in the summary, what does the hero of the myth suggest about the culture in which it was created?The culture values moving from place to place. The culture values not following the crowd. The culture values money more than anything else. The culture values taking land from other people. A backstory isthe historical background of a story.information about the author of a story.information from a character’s past.the story’s message or lesson. What is the correct acronym for the National Organization for Women?NOfWNofwN.O.W.NOWHow would including a map of Africa in Into the Unknown best help support the information in the text?It would compare Livingstone’s reason for travel to Kingsley’s reason for travel.It would compare the size of the ships in Africa to the size of canoes in Africa. It would show the rivers that Livingstone and Kingsley traveled.It would show the most frequently traveled routes across Africa.Based on Kamkwamba’s memoir, what is one trait that best makes him a hero?independencecautionperseverancetrustworthinessRead the excerpt from Heart of a Samurai.Manjiro wondered why the foreigners didn’t just carry their small things in separate pouches, the way it was done in Japan. But once his hands discovered his pockets, he couldn’t keep them out. His hands wanted to explore those spaces just like, when he’d lost teeth as a boy, his tongue wanted to explore the empty holes where his teeth had been.Which words best show Manjiro’s curiosity?“lost” and “the empty holes”“wondered” and “wanted to explore”“foreigners” and “separate pouches”“carry” and “the way it was done”Read the excerpt from ‘Elizabeth Blackwell.’Over the next three weeks Elizabeth did think about the medical profession. In fact, she couldn’t stop thinking about it, for Mary’s words rang continually in her ears. Even her heart seemed to beat in the rhythm of ‘doctor . . . doctor . . . doctor.’ Finally, one night, as she tossed and turned in bed, she found she could bear it no longer. ‘I am applying to medical school,’ she declared.The author makes this part of the story exciting byusing strong action words.developing a slow pace.using rhyming patterns.developing Elizabeth’s character.Read the ending excerpt from ‘Elizabeth Blackwell.”Geneva College,”’she repeated as she placed the envelope on the table and sliced open its seal.Which best states why the author ends the paragraph with a cliffhanger?to show the resolution to a problem in the storyto build suspense so the reader will keep readingto create a feeling of relief after a scary eventto develop the traits of the main characterRead the excerpt from ‘Elizabeth Blackwell.’The next day Elizabeth visited an old family friend who had been practicing medicine for many years. When she told him of her intentions, Dr. Melton’s eyebrows nearly took leave of his head, but he quickly settled himself and said, ‘Well, that is a brilliant idea, Miss Blackwell, but clearly it is an impossible one.’Based on this excerpt, what can readers infer about women’s careers during the mid-1800s?Women were not permitted to work in any career of their choice.Women were not permitted to work with men unless they were family friends.Women had to practice medicine for more years than men had to practice.Women had to settle for careers as nurses instead of doctors.Which heroic quality best describes Elizabeth of ‘Elizabeth Blackwell’?fearlessnessinnocencekindnessdeterminationRead the excerpt from ‘Elizabeth Blackwell.’Each night, the sisters worked by lantern light until the stack of completed applications was twenty-nine envelopes high. Together they carried them to the post office, and as the stack was whisked away, Elizabeth squeezed her sister’s hand in gratitude.Which phrase does the author use to help the reader imagine the time period of the setting?stack was whisked awaycompleted applicationslantern lightsisters workedRead the excerpt from ‘Roald Amundsen.’On January 14, 1911, Fram arrived in Antarctica. Amundsen set up a base camp at the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf. On October 18, six men, accompanied by four sleds and fifty-two dogs, set out toward the pole. Wearing fur for warmth, they made their way through the snow on skis. Weather conditions were good, and Amundsen and his men arrived at the South Pole on December 14—over a month before Scott’s crew.Which text feature would best support the details in the excerpt?a photograph showing the crew’s quarters on their shipa diagram labeling the equipment, sled dogs, and crew membersa chart listing the activities that happened between January and Decembera map showing the distance between the North Pole and the South PoleRead the excerpt from ‘Roald Amundsen.’In 1903, Amundsen achieved personal fame when he was the first to successfully navigate the Northwest Passage. This treacherous ice-bound route ran between the northern Canadian mainland and Canadian Arctic Archipelago.Which text feature would best support the details in the excerpt?an illustration of Canadaa photograph of Amundsena map showing the Northwest Passagea chart of all of Amundsen’s accomplishments in 1903Which detail from ‘Echo and Narcissus’ is a part of Narcissus’s backstory?As the year went by, the mountains were once again covered with the pale green leaves of spring.Although his good looks still charmed both fairies and mortals alike, his heart was given to no one.Hours later, his stomach began to grumble, and Narcissus remembered that he had not eaten lunch. The only sound was the hum of crickets and bees and the occasional tweets of birds overhead.Read the excerpt from ‘Echo and Narcissus.’Narcissus continued to hunt and relax in the hills each day. Although his good looks still charmed both fairies and mortals alike, his heart was given to no one. That is, until one fateful day, when he leaned over the crystal waters of a pond to drink and saw a gorgeous creature reflected back at him.What does the phrase ‘a gorgeous creature reflected back at him’ help readers infer?Narcissus is admiring a water fairy.Narcissus is admiring his own image.Narcissus gets his good looks from drinking water.Narcissus looks more attractive when dressed as a hunter.Which detail from ‘Echo and Narcissus’ is a part of Echo’s backstory?Narcissus awkwardly glanced at Echo and continued on his way.She would trail after him, beaming a big smile whenever he looked in her direction.Her chatter, her desire to share every detail of her life, and her endless gossip were often annoying. The hunter, whose name was Narcissus, was so handsome that Echo stopped breathing for a momenRead the excerpt from ‘Echo and Narcissus.’Once there was a fairy named Echo who lived in the forested mountains of Greece. She was well liked by the gods and goddesses she served except for the occasions when she would not stop talking. Her chatter, her desire to share every detail of her life, and her endless gossip were often annoying.This excerpt contains which mythical element?featuring nonhuman charactersexplaining the natural worldteaching a lessonaddressing oppositesRead the excerpt from Echo Narcissus.Until this day, Echo’s voice can be heard in the canyons of the mountains, echoing after the voices of those who pass by — ‘Hello … hello … Can you hear me? … hear me, hear me, hear me’ with ringing tones that quickly fade.Which mythical element is best represented in this excerpt?an explanation of the natural worldthe appearance of nonhuman godsa presence of magical elementsa lesson about the meaning of life
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